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Återföreningar

Andas in, andas ut… på med kläderna, på med jackan, mössa, halsduk och trainers. Har jag glömt något? Verkar inte som det, ok då drar jag.

Jag rör mig ner på stan för att träffa K som har min el-sladd och halvvägs dit går jag redan för snabbt utan att jag ens märker det – inandningen känns annorlunda och lite tyngre än utandningen. Stress. Jag försöker att stå still i rulltrappan på väg ner i tuben, men det går inte för jag tar några stora kliv ner för att det ska gå lite snabbare. Jag kan ju inte låta bli. Någon borde gå med mig och slå mig hårt på axeln varje gång jag går för snabbt, först då kanske jag skulle skärpa till mig. Det är inte mycket folk i rörelse just nu men det är ju inte rusningstid än heller, kanske kan jag softa lite på väg till rätt station där jag ska träffa K tänker jag.

Dörrarna öppnas och jag kliver ut på perrongen, här är det fler människor i rörelse, mer ljud och rörigt. I nio av tio fall gillar jag det här: människor i rörelse, ansikten, kläder, vackra tjejer, killar med sjysst klädsmak och unika personligheter som är på väg någonstans, till något eller till någon. men just nu bråkar jag med min kropp som inte alls vill uppföra sig som jag vill att den ska göra. I vanliga fall är jag och min kropp en bra kombination av samarbete, rörelse, uthållighet och stresstålighet, men nu vill den inte riktigt samarbeta, utan den har helt enkelt sagt ifrån och dess malande klagan gör sig påmind på lite olika sätt. Ni som själva stressar kanske känner igen hur magen bråkar, andningen är lite ansträngd, att man vaknar upp outvilad på morgonen och att huvudet inte hänger med lika bra. Nåväl.

Väljer att ta trappan upp istället för rulltrappan och tar vägen till höger eftersom den sidan är lugnare. Går ut genom spärrarna och kollar så att inte K har kommit än och ställer mig lutande mot en pelare och försöker hämta andan. Efter ett tag kommer K och jag får en stor kram.

När vi börjar snacka märker man hur stressen påverkar en: kroppen gör att man inte slappnar av fastän det är hur lugnt som helst. K och jag är vänner, det borde inte vara några som helst konstigheter. Hon ber mig att ta det lite lugnt och ler. Andas in… andas ut. Jag försöker bara att ta det lugnt men känner det nästan lite pinsamt att jag tycker jag säger helt ointressanta saker och vill inte vara ivägen. Jag tror det beror på platsen vi valde att plocka upp sladden och jag tror även att hon förstår. Det är ok och jag behöver inte grubbla över det. Men jag inser hur bra det är för mig att försöka ta det lugnare. Det är just människor som K som gör att jag verkligen inser att hälsan är viktig.

Säger ”hejdå” till K, går ned mot tunnelbanan igen och lyckas ta fel trappa ned i tuben. Fan! Men ok… jag kan ta det här tåget ut och sen byta vid en annan station. Check. Bläddrar igenom namnen i min mobiltelefon och tänker: ”det vore kul att träffa A och M och hänga lite”. Skickar iväg ett par sms och kollar om jag är välkommen över och våldgästa lite.*Telefonen ringer*. Jag svarar och snackar lite med A, som säger att det är ok att jag kommer över. Ja!

***

När jag går igenom de prasslande löven uppåt för en lång backe med solen fallande snett uppifrån, inser jag att soliga höstdagar är riktigt vackra. Lövprasslet har en lugnande effekt på mig och jag vill bara gå långsammare. Det är nu jag vill sitta på en bänk, kanske hålla någon i handen, kanske sitta med ett anteckningsblock och skriva ”stora ord” om alla vanliga människor som går förbi mig där jag sitter på parkbänken. Himlens blåa bågnande står som en extra vacker båge över himlavalvets oändlighet då jag drar fötterna efter mig lite extra för att känna och framförallt höra lövens prasslande kring mina trainers. Den friska luften och solskenet ska inte underskattas en dag som denna.

Väl hemma hos A och M öppnar M nästan direkt och hälsar på mig med ett stort leende. ”Ursäkta men vi var tvungna att städa undan lite för du skulle komma” säger M och jag säger att det är lugnt. Jag går in, tar av mig jackan och börjar ta av mig skorna. M frågar hur det är med mig och jag försöker att svara ärligt att det har varit mycket den senaste tiden med studierna och annat. Väl inne får jag en stor kram av A som tycker det är kul att se mig. Vi sätter oss ned i soffan och börjar snacka om allt möjligt, det är som att det inte alls var länge sedan som vi sågs. Känslan av att kroppen börjar att lugna ned sig är riktigt skön.

Hjälper till att fixa te, ”har ni grönt te” frågar jag A, ”ja, vi har grönt te men det luktar och smakar ¤%&#” får jag till svar. ”Jaha, men jag provar det ändå” säger jag och fortsätter att kolla i skåpen efter koppar och A välsignar kakkorgen med den enda överlevande bondekakan. Väl inne i vardagsrummet snackar vi vidare. M är som vanligt pratglad och rolig, samtidigt som A är som vanligt och visar ett sådant lugn som jag gärna hade velat känna just nu. Jag reflekterar inte ens över att M sitter och använder datorn när A säger till M att jag är på besök. A ber M att hämta hembakta bullar och jag börjar med att lägga beslag på den ensamma bondekakan i botten av korgen. Håller bullen över min tekopp för att inte smula ned mattan som soffbordet står på, ser samtidigt hur min hand skakar och påpekar det för A.

Ändå infaller ett sorts lugn – ett lugn som är kopplat till att känna sig hemma i världen och att man känner fina människor som tycker om en. Tillvaron antar en annan karaktär och kroppen tycker det är helt ok att bli försedd med hembakta bullar och lite skitsnack. Vad skönt det är att man kan finna lite lugn och ro såhär på fredagseftermiddagen. *suck av lättnad*

**

”Det skulle vara så skönt att bli av med TVn utan att ställa ned den i grovsoprummet”, säger M. ”Tror du att du skulle vilja hjälpa mig att göra av med TVn?”, frågar M. ”Ja, självklart”, svarar jag och ler. Jag skojar lite med A och säger att de hade planerat det här hela tiden: att de fick mig att tro att jag kom dit på eget initiativ, men att de egentligen behövde bärhjälp och snabbt började hamra på TVn när de insåg att jag var på väg över. Lömskt! Men jag bjuder på den för en av mina färdigheter är att bära tunga saker, speciellt världens största tjock-TV. Bring it!

Baxar ut TVn nedför trapporna. Ingen hiss. Man känner hur TVn:s tyngd pressar sig ned in i händerna samtidigt som man försöker att inte bryta ryggen. Väl nere lägger jag och M försiktigt in TVn i bilen och bakluckan går precis igen. Varför tar man det lugnt med en redan trasig TV? Ingen vet. A föreslog att vi i sann rockeranda skulle hiva ned TVn från balkongen, men jag tror inte grannarna skulle ha uppskattat detta brutala tilltag. Det är en sådan typisk kommentar från A. Jag gillar’t!

Återföreningar. Känslan av att bli skjutsad in till stan och säga ”hejdå” till M och A präglar resten av min dag. Andningen blir lättare, promenaden hem i det kalla höstlika Stockholm blir genast en mer trivsam upplevelse och jag inser att jag inte helt har tappat sugen för att jag inte har hunnit att äta lunch. Stegen känns lättare och sinnet omfamnar världen runtomkring mig. Stadens kalla mörker knackar på eftermiddagens dörr: stadsljusen blir intensiva och klara samtidigt som kända universitetsprofessorer och stiliga kvinnor är på väg hem från jobbet. I stadens myller stannar jag plötsligt upp och betraktar livet från gatukorsningen – ifall jag inte stannar upp oftare kommer livet att passera förbi mig och jag kommer att missa det. Jag kommer att missa det…


DOOM4

En blogg om filosofi, ekonomi, språk, musik, konst och litteratur.
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Ludwig von Mises On the So-Called Liberals of Today

“The so-called liberals of today have the very popular idea that freedom of speech, of thought, of the press, freedom of religion, freedom from imprisonment without trial – that all these freedoms can be preserved in the absence of what is called economic freedom. They do not realize that, in a system where there is no market, where the government directs everything, all those other freedoms are illusory, even if they are made into laws and written in constitutions.”

–Ludwig von Mises, Economic Policy: Thoughts for Today and Tomorrow (1979)

Murray N. Rothbard on Economic Ignorance

“It is no crime to be ignorant of economics, which is, after all, a specialized discipline and one that most people consider to be a ‘dismal science.’ But it is totally irresponsible to have a loud and vociferous opinion on economic subjects while remaining in this state of ignorance.”

–Murray N. Rothbard

Ludwig von Mises on the Process of the Hyperinflationary Breakdown of A Currency

"The emancipation of commerce from a money which is proving more and more useless in this way begins with the expulsion of the money from hoards. People begin at first to hoard other money instead so as to have marketable goods at their disposal for unforeseen future needs - perhaps precious-metal money and foreign notes, and sometimes also domestic notes of other kinds which have a higher value because they cannot be increased by the State '(e.g.the Romanoff rouble in Russia or the 'blue' money of communist Hungary); then ingots, precious stones, and pearls; even pictures, other objects of art, and postage stamps. A further step is the adoption of foreign currency or metallic money (i.e. for all practical purposes, gold) in credit transactions. Finally, when the domestic currency ceases to be used in retail trade, wages as well have to be paid in some other way than in pieces of paper which are then no longer good for anything.

The collapse of an inflation policy carried to its extreme - as in the United States in 1781 and in France in 1796 does not destroy the monetary system, but only the credit money or fiat money of the State that has overestimated the effectiveness of its own policy. The collapse emancipates commerce from etatism and establishes metallic money again."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Theory of Money and Credit

Ludwig von Mises On Hyperinflation

"The characteristic mark of the phenomenon is that the increase in the quantity of money causes a fall in the demand for money. The tendency toward a fall in purchasing power as generated by the increased supply of money is intensified by the general propensity to restrict cash holdings which it brings about. Eventually a point is reached where the prices at which people would be prepared to part with "real" goods discount to such an extent the expected progress in the fall of purchasing power that nobody has a sufficient amount of cash at hand to pay them. The monetary system breaks down; all transactions in the money concerned cease; a panic makes its purchasing power vanish altogether. People return either to barter or to the use of another kind of money."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises On the Policy of Devaluation

"If the government does not care how far foreign exchange rates may rise, it can for some time continue to cling to credit expansion. But one day the crack-up boom will annihilate its monetary system. On the other hand, if the authority wants to avoid the necessity of devaluing again and again at an accelerated pace, it must arrange its domestic credit policy in such a way as not to outrun in credit expansion the other countries against which it wants to keep its domestic currency at par."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Austrian Economics

"What distinguishes the Austrian School and will lend it everlasting fame is its doctrine of economic action, in contrast to one of economic equilibrium or nonaction."

–Ludwig von Mises, Notes and Recollections

Ludwig von Mises on Austrian Economics

"The main and only concern of the Austrian economists was to contribute to the advancement of economics. They never tried to win the support of anybody by other means than by the convincing power developed in their books and articles."

–Ludwig von Mises, Austrian Economics: An Anthology

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"True, governments can reduce the rate of interest in the short run. They can issue additional paper money. They can open the way to credit expansion by the banks. They can thus create an artificial boom and the appearance of prosperity. But such a boom is bound to collapse soon or late and to bring about a depression."

–Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"The wavelike movement effecting the economic system, the recurrence of periods of boom which are followed by periods of depression is the unavoidable outcome of the attempts, repeated again and again, to lower the gross market rate of interest by means of credit expansion."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"The cyclical fluctuations of business are not an occurrence originating in the sphere of the unhampered market, but a product of government interference with business conditions designed to lower the rate of interest below the height at which the free market would have fixed it."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"The ultimate cause, therefore, of the phenomenon of wave after wave of economic ups and downs is ideological in character. The cycles will not disappear so long as people believe that the rate of interest may be reduced, not through the accumulation of capital, but by banking policy."

–Ludwig von Mises, On the Manipulation of Money and Credit

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"The boom produces impoverishment. But still more disastrous are its moral ravages. It makes people despondent and dispirited. The more optimistic they were under the illusory prosperity of the boom, the greater is their despair and their feeling of frustration."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Credit Expansion

"Credit expansion can bring about a temporary boom. But such a fictitious prosperity must end in a general depression of trade, a slump."

–Ludwig von Mises, Planned Chaos

Ludwig von Mises on Human Action

"Human action is purposeful behavior."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Human Action

"Action is purposive conduct. It is not simply behavior, but behavior begot by judgments of value, aiming at a definite end and guided by ideas concerning the suitability or unsuitability of definite means. . . . It is conscious behavior. It is choosing. It is volition; it is a display of the will."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Ultimate Foundation of Economic Science

Ludwig von Mises on Human Action

"Action is an attempt to substitute a more satisfactory state of affairs for a less satisfactory one. We call such a willfully induced alteration an exchange."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Human Action

"Mans striving after an improvement of the conditions of his existence impels him to action. Action requires planning and the decision which of various plans is the most advantageous."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Ultimate Foundation of Economic Science

Ludwig von Mises On ”I and We”

"The We cannot act otherwise than each of them acting on his own behalf. They can either all act together in accord; or one of them may act for them all. In the latter case the cooperation of the others consists in their bringing about the situation which makes one man's action effective for them too. Only in this sense does the officer of a social entity act for the whole; the individual members of the collective body either cause or allow a single man's action to concern them too."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises On The Individual and Changing Features of Human Action

"Common man does not speculate about the great problems. With regard to them he relies upon other people's authority, he behaves as "every decent fellow must behave," he is like a sheep in the herd. It is precisely this intellectual inertia that characterizes a man as a common man. Yet the common man does choose. He chooses to adopt traditional patterns or patterns adopted by other people because he is convinced that this procedure is best fitted to achieve his own welfare. And he is ready to change his ideology and consequently his mode of action whenever he becomes convinced that this would better serve his own interests."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Murray N. Rothbard On the Professional Intellectual Classes

"In all societies, public opinion is determined by the intellectual classes, the opinion moulders of society. For most people neither originate nor disseminate ideas and concepts; on the contrary, they tend to adopt those ideas promulgated by the professional intellectual classes, the professional dealers in ideas."

–Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty

Ludwig von Mises on Cause and Effect

"Cognizance of the relation between a cause and its effect is the first step toward mans orientation in the world and is the intellectual condition of any successful activity."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Ultimate Foundation of Economic Science

Ludwig von Mises on Economic Calculation

"Monetary calculation and cost accounting constitute the most important intellectual tool of the capitalist entrepreneur, and it was no one less than Goethe who pronounced the system of double-entry bookkeeping one of the finest inventions of the human mind."

–Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism: The Classical Tradition

Ludwig von Mises on Economics as Abstract Reasoning

“Economics, like logic and mathematics, is a display of abstract reasoning. Economics can never be experimental and empirical. The economist does not need an expensive apparatus for the conduct of his studies. What he needs is the power to think clearly and to discern in the wilderness of events what is essential from what is merely accidental.”

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Individual Rational Action

"All rational action is in the first place individual action. Only the individual thinks. Only the individual reasons. Only the individual acts."

–Ludwig von Mises, Socialism.

Ludwig von Mises on Entrepreneurship

"The consumers suffer when the laws of the country prevent the most efficient entrepreneurs from expanding the sphere of their activities. What made some enterprises develop into big business was precisely their success in filling best the demand of the masses."

–Ludwig von Mises, Planned Chaos

Ludwig von Mises on the Gold Standard

“If our civilization will not in the next years or decades completely collapse, the gold standard will be restored.”

–Ludwig von Mises, (1965)

Murray N. Rothbard On the Gold Standard

“Gold was not selected arbitrarily by governments to be the monetary standard. Gold had developed for many centuries on the free market as the best money; as the commodity providing the most stable and desirable monetary medium.”

–Murray N. Rothbard

Detlev Schlichter on the Gold Standard

"But I don’t believe the best solution would be to go back to a government-run gold standard. We should not trust politicians and bureaucrats with money, certainly never again with entirely unconstrained fiat money, but probably not even with a monetary system that comes with the strait jacket of an official gold standard. I would argue instead for the complete separation of money and state, and for an entirely private monetary system. Let the market decide what should be money and how much there should be of it. I do strongly believe that gold would again play an important role in such a system. After all, gold and silver have been chosen forms of money for thousands of years, in all cultures and societies. That is what the trading public always went for when it was free to choose."

–Detlev Schlichter, The Schlichter Files

Detlev Schlichter on Paper Money

"Wall Street, the media, academia, and, of course the Fed, are strongly on the side of fiat money."

–Detlev Schlichter, The Schlichter Files

Detlev Schlichter on the Media and Academia

"Media and academia are mainly pro-state, pro-politics, anti-gold"

–Detlev Schlichter, The Schlichter Files

Ludwig von Mises on Banking

"There was no reason whatever to abandon the principle of free enterprise in the field of banking."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Banking

"It is extremely difficult for our contemporaries to conceive of the conditions of free banking because they take government interference with banking for granted and as necessary."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Banking

"What is needed to prevent any further credit expansion is to place the banking business under the general rules of commercial and civil laws compelling every individual and firm to fulfill all obligations in full compliance with the terms of the contract."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Corrupt Politicians, Professors and Union Bosses

"Those politicians, professors and union bosses who curse big business are fighting for a lower standard of living."

–Ludwig von Mises, Theory and History

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"Profit-seeking business is compelled to employ the most efficient methods of production. What checks a businessmans endeavors to improve the equipment of his firm is only lack of capital."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"When pushed hard by economists, some welfare propagandists and socialists admit that impairment of the average standard of living can only be avoided by the maintenance of capital already accumulated and that economic improvement depends on accumulation of additional capital."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"History does not provide any example of capital accumulation brought about by a government. As far as governments invested in the construction of roads, railroads, and other useful public works, the capital needed was provided by the savings of individual citizens and borrowed by the government."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"The characteristic mark of economic history under capitalism is unceasing economic progress, a steady increase in the quantity of capital goods available, and a continuous trend toward an improvement in the general standard of living."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"Capitalism is essentially a system of mass production for the satisfaction of the needs of the masses. It pours a horn of plenty upon the common man. It has raised the average standard of living to a height never dreamed of in earlier ages. It has made accessible to millions of people enjoyments which a few generations ago were only within the reach of a small elite."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Anti-Capitalistic Mentality

Ludwig von Mises on Laissez Faire

"If one rejects laissez faire on account of mans fallibility and moral weakness, one must for the same reason also reject every kind of government action."

–Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"The ultimate basis of an all around bureaucratic system is violence."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"Bureaucratic management is management of affairs which cannot be checked by economic calculation."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy and Economic Calculation

"A bureaucrat differs from a nonbureaucrat precisely because he is working in a field in which it is impossible to appraise the result of a mans effort in terms of money."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"Nobody can be at the same time a correct bureaucrat and an innovator."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"Seen from the point of view of the particular group interests of the bureaucrats, every measure that makes the governments payroll swell is progress."

–Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"The bureaucrat is not free to aim at improvement. He is bound to obey rules and regulations established by a superior body. He has no right to embark upon innovations if his superiors do not approve of them. His duty and his virtue is to be obedient."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"Only to bureaucrats can the idea occur that establishing new offices, promulgating new decrees, and increasing the number of government employees alone can be described as positive and beneficial measures."

–Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy and Government Interventions

"The trend toward bureaucratic rigidity is not inherent in the evolution of business. It is an outcome of government meddling with business."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Government’s War on the Creative Genius

“A genius is precisely a man who defies all schools and rules, who deviates from the traditional roads of routine and opens up new paths through land inaccessible before….But, on the other hand, the government can bring about conditions which paralyze the efforts of a creative spirit and prevent him from rendering useful services to the community.”

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Why Classical Liberalism Rejects War

“The liberal critique of the argument in favor of war is fundamentally different from that of the humanitarians. It starts from the premise that not war, but peace, is the father of all things. What alone enables mankind to advance and distinguishes man from the animals is social cooperation. It is labor alone that is productive: it creates wealth and therewith lays the outward foundations for the inward flowering of man. War only destroys; it cannot create. War, carnage, destruction, and devastation we have in common with the predatory beasts of the jungle; constructive labor is our distinctively human characteristic.”

–Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism: The Classical Tradition

Ludwig von Mises on Sound Money

“It is impossible to grasp the meaning of the idea of sound money if one does not realize that it was devised as an instrument for the protection of civil liberties against despotic inroads on the part of governments. Ideologically it belongs in the same class with political constitutions and bills of rights. The demand for constitutional guarantees and for bills of rights was a reaction against arbitrary rule and the nonobservance of old customs by kings. The postulate of sound money was first brought up as a response to the princely practice of debasing the coinage.”

–Ludwig von Mises. The Theory of Money and Credit

Murray N. Rothbard on Recovering from Economic Depressions

“It should be clear that any governmental interference with the depression process can only prolong it, thus making things worse from almost everyone’s point of view. Since the depression process is the recovery process, any halting or slowing down of the process impedes the advent of recovery. The depression readjustments must work themselves out before recovery can be complete. The more these readjustments are delayed, the longer the depression will have to last, and the longer complete recovery is postponed.”

–Murray N. Rothbard, Man, Economy, and State with Power and Market

Hans-Hermann Hoppe on Socialized Health Care

“With the socialization of the health care system through institutions such as Medicaid and Medicare and the regulation of the insurance industry (by restricting an insurer’s right of refusal: to exclude any individual risk as uninsurable, and discriminate freely, according to actuarial methods, between different group risks) a monstrous machinery of wealth and income redistribution at the expense of responsible individuals and low-risk groups in favor of irresponsible actors and high-risk groups has been put in motion.”

–Hans-Hermann Hoppe, Democracy: The God That Failed

Ludwig von Mises on Civilization

"What distinguishes man from animals is the insight into the advantages that can be derived from cooperation under the division of labor."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Civilization

"Civilization is a work of peaceful co-operation."

–Ludwig von Mises, Socialism

Ludwig von Mises on Civilization

"The foundation of any and every civilization, including our own, is private ownership of the means of production. Whoever wishes to criticize modern civilization, therefore, begins with private property."

–Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism

Ludwig von Mises on the Market Economy

"In the unhampered market economy there are no privileges, no protection of vested interests, no barriers preventing anybody from striving after any prize."

–Ludwig von Mises, Theory and History

Ludwig von Mises on Liberalism

"Liberalism champions private property in the means of production because it expects a higher standard of living from such an economic organization, not because it wishes to help the owners."

–Ludwig von Mises, Socialism

Ludwig von Mises on Liberalism

"That Liberalism aims at the protection of property and that it rejects war are two expressions of one and the same principle."

–Ludwig von Mises, Socialism


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