Inlägg taggade 'street art'

Scratching the Surface av Vhils

Jag har skrivit väldigt lite om konst tidigare men jag kommer antagligen försöka skriva mer om konst, graffiti och street art framöver.

Anledningen till varför jag efter en dags intensivt skrivande får för mig att skriva om street art, är att jag för en stund sedan via en länk från Wooster Collective, såg en riktigt inspirerande kortfilm från Alexandre Farto, även känd som Vhils.

Det är kortfilmer som denna som gör mig inspirerad till att plocka fram dukar och penslar. Videon är inte dum den heller – Pedro Patrocinios redigering tillsammans med Gustavo Santaolallas musik är en riktigt lyckad kombination.

Om ni gillar denna kortfilm vet jag åtminstone två till projekt som jag skulle kunna skriva om någon gång, där dokumentationen både liknar fotot och redigeringen i filmen nedan.

Torres Vedras, Portugal
Camera/Edition – Pedro Patrocinio
Music – Gustavo Santaolalla
Work by Vhils

Scratching the Surface av Vhils

“Sous les pavés, la plage!” (Beneath the paving stones – the beach!) – Anonymous graffiti, Paris 1968.

Paris, May 1968. When the enragés started digging up the stones from the Boulevard St. Michel to use them as weapons against the forces of the old order, they came upon the sand that covered the surface underneath them. The earth. Beneath the concrete, the earth. Beneath the urban environment, nature. Beneath the artificial, life.

Behind all these brick and concrete walls, these dull, grey surfaces that condition our existence, behind all of these cities, there is life. There are individuals, there is nature. “Scratching the surface” is an act of creation taken from lifeless forms. It is the subversion of lifeless forms. The act of engraving the idea of life on a wall, of creating the image of an individual, an iconographic piece of representational symbolism that will endure. As if rendering him eternal by bringing him to life where life was not supposed to be. By carving it out of that which is still-born by its very nature, by its design.

So until the symbolical demise of all walls that separate, that impose, that condition, of a social system that overbuilds in order to control and perpetuate its grasp on the divisions that stem from this eternal partitioning and keep individuals in place, it will be easier and easier to forget who we are, where we come from and what nature is really all about. How easy it is to lose track of what our nature really is while caught amid this saturated, un-organic environment.”


Jag såg Anna Odell…

… på ett elskåp i Sveriges mest dynamiska stadsdel.

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I lördags kväll var jag ute med några polare och åt middag. Efteråt gick vi till en pub och tog det allmänt lugnt. Vanligtvis pratas det mycket teknik i detta sällskap, självklart tycker jag om det, men ibland känner jag att jag är intresserad av vad mina vänner t.ex. har för politiska åsikter. Jag vet ju innerst inne att det här är grabbar som inte backar undan om jag bjuder upp till retorisk dans…

Det visade sig att jag skulle bli hårt ansatt under hela kvällen och bli retoriskt ödelagd.

Det började med att jag styrde upp en ‘bitter’ från ett Roslagsbryggeri och flikade sedan in vad jag tyckte om situationen med Konstfack. Mycket grovt förenklat tog jag viss ställning för ‘Territorial pissing’ och viss ställning för ett eventuellt resultat/examensanalys från Anna Odell. Jag tyckte att det som Odell har gjort är mer komplicerat än en den illa åtgångna tunnelbanevagn (som inte ens SL kunde minnas någonting om).

I fallet ‘Territorial pissing’, som jag har tagit upp förut, hade jag väl egna rätt vaga argument om individuellt ansvar, svenskt rättsväsende, Konstfacks eventuella riktlinjer samt att det minst ett år gamla ‘verket’ knappast skulle ha rört upp så mycket känslor och åsikter om det inte vore för en politiker. Jag personligen tycker om graffiti och även sådant som går under benämningen ”klotter”. I fallet med skadegörelse, är detta en annan femma som mycket beror på situationen i stadsbilden och eventuellt ekonomiskt drabbade. Jag dras till subversiva gråzoner.

I det stora hela tycker jag om graffiti som subversiv handling (även om kulturen är grovt kommersialiserad), det är inte heller något nytt fenomen som kommer att försvinna i första taget. Moderaternas nollvision i fråga om att ta bort klotter (inom ett dygn eller vad det är) är högst orealistiskt. Både skadegörelsen och saneringen kostar pengar. Huruvida Konstfack visste om vad som slutligen skulle bli examensarbetet eller ej är en annan historia.

Redan i och med dessa funderingar blev jag hårt pressad. Jag fick bemöta argument om att det då betydde att det var ok för någon och komma hem till min lägenhet med en molotovcocktail och dekorera om i konstens namn.

Ett annat argument som lades fram var att konstens utförande kunde vara mycket ‘snällare’; dvs. likt ett Di Leva-utförande vars syfte samt funktion flyter med fram till själva ‘utförandet’ (om ens det) till färdigt ‘verk’, utan att inbegripa lagöverträdelser eller oetiska samhälls-hack. Alltså: Konsten skall tillbaka till att använda sig av ett ‘snällt’ konstnärligt utförande för att visa på något som är viktigt. Ändamålen får aldrig helga medlen.

Dessa argument var bara början på den våg av argument som gjorde de två ‘fallen’ ännu mer komplexa för mig. Diskussionen fortsatte in på tal om konsten som sådan; att skapandet av konst svarar inför Svea Rikes Lag och att den inte ska medföra skador eller integritetsövertramp gentemot människor som inte vet vad som pågår. Nu står det också i media att Anna Odell blivit anmäld för en rad olika saker som t.ex. falskt alarm, våldsamt motstånd, ofredande och oredligt förfarande. Det sista handlar om att de instanser som ingick i omhändertagandet och vården av Odell berördes negativt. Båda fallen kan komma att bli ordentligt rättsligt prövade.

Ett annat argument som fördes fram var att en konstnär (i allmänhet) aldrig får ursäkta sig med att någonting utfördes i konstens namn; detta innebär att konstnären gömmer sig bakom en abstraktion och vägrar ta ansvar för sina handlingar, som i sin tur medför konsekvenser.

Ytterligare en fundering som kom på tal var att Odell inte heller borde ha lovat att allt kommer att bli förståeligt i och med hennes examensarbete. Ifall människor senare inte kan se syftet eller förstå vad Odell vill peka på eller ens håller på med,  ja då är hon ute på djupt vatten utifrån en konstnärlig synvinkel. Hon kan ha lovat någonting som hennes konst (arbete/handlingar/argument) sedan ej lever upp till.

En poäng som nämndes i det alltmer hektiska samtalet, var att den folkstorm som rasade mot henne kanske var det som hon ansåg viktigt snarare än det hon gjorde för att framkalla denna storm. Ett hårt argument mot detta som jag minns det, var att om det är så att hennes ‘verk’ visar på att instanser som polis, psykvård samt förbipasserande har utfört vad som förväntas av dom, kommer ju Odell’s hypotes om att vi har en icke-fungerande eller skev psykvård inte att bekräftas. Att spänna fast någon som annars riskerar att skada sig själv kanske är ett nödvändigt ont och kanske inte riktigt är det som man ska attackera om man vill visa på brister inom psykvården.

Ytterligare ett bra argument var att hon borde ha följt en psyksjuk människa i dennes vardag och dokumenterat det hela. En sådan undersökning hade möjligtvis kunna visa på påfallande brister och positiva aspekter av svensk sjukvård utan att någon skada begås. Individer skulle slippa ta ansvar för sina handlingar, för deras handlingar kanske inte ens skulle komma på tal i relation till eventuella konsekvenser.

Nu har det gått så långt att artiklar och löpsedlar om Odell innehåller ord som ”psyksjuk” och ”psyksjuka” och tar hård ställning mot henne. Visst skulle vi kunna säga att media låter det gå för långt. Låt juridiken ha sin gång. Jag tror även att det provocerar människor oerhört mycket att hon ”inte ångrar någonting” som vi kan läsa i media. Hon har rätt till sin åsikt.

Att döma av den lördagskvällens diskussioner, förstod jag direkt att detta är något som berör väldigt mycket. Inte trodde jag att mina vänner skulle ösa ur sig motargument bara för att jag hade en ‘teoretisk ambivalent’ position och tyckte att fallen var komplicerande.

Jag vägrar att se på dessa händelser som konkret svart-vita fenomen. Men i slutändan tycker jag inte att vi ska stänga Konstfack eller strypa skattepengarna. Vidare bör staten inte heller lägga sig i vad Konstfack gör då de flesta elever ändå ‘sköter’ sig och har koll på det juridiska läget. De allra flesta studenter har nog ärvt ett ‘paket’ av normaliserade etiska och moraliska kluster som är acceptabla för resten av samhället. Bara Konstfacks ledning får kontinuerligt utöka eller anpassa sina interna riktlinjer så de är aktuella i samtiden.

Även om det var jobbigt att sitta ensam i min ringhörna när de bara öste ur sig motargument, var det likväl en mycket givande kväll som jag hoppas kommer åter.

Politiska samt filosofiska debatter och diskussioner osäkrar argument, vilket medför att du hela tiden får omvärdera dina argument och förankra ställningstaganden. Den egna moraliska och etiska ‘måttstocken’ förändras i samklang med verkligheten.

Nästa gång ni placerar mig i en ensam ringhörna får ni banne mig bjuda mig på birra!

Mer om Anna Odell.


DOOM4

En blogg om filosofi, ekonomi, språk, musik, konst och litteratur.
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Ludwig von Mises On the So-Called Liberals of Today

“The so-called liberals of today have the very popular idea that freedom of speech, of thought, of the press, freedom of religion, freedom from imprisonment without trial – that all these freedoms can be preserved in the absence of what is called economic freedom. They do not realize that, in a system where there is no market, where the government directs everything, all those other freedoms are illusory, even if they are made into laws and written in constitutions.”

–Ludwig von Mises, Economic Policy: Thoughts for Today and Tomorrow (1979)

Murray N. Rothbard on Economic Ignorance

“It is no crime to be ignorant of economics, which is, after all, a specialized discipline and one that most people consider to be a ‘dismal science.’ But it is totally irresponsible to have a loud and vociferous opinion on economic subjects while remaining in this state of ignorance.”

–Murray N. Rothbard

Ludwig von Mises on the Process of the Hyperinflationary Breakdown of A Currency

"The emancipation of commerce from a money which is proving more and more useless in this way begins with the expulsion of the money from hoards. People begin at first to hoard other money instead so as to have marketable goods at their disposal for unforeseen future needs - perhaps precious-metal money and foreign notes, and sometimes also domestic notes of other kinds which have a higher value because they cannot be increased by the State '(e.g.the Romanoff rouble in Russia or the 'blue' money of communist Hungary); then ingots, precious stones, and pearls; even pictures, other objects of art, and postage stamps. A further step is the adoption of foreign currency or metallic money (i.e. for all practical purposes, gold) in credit transactions. Finally, when the domestic currency ceases to be used in retail trade, wages as well have to be paid in some other way than in pieces of paper which are then no longer good for anything.

The collapse of an inflation policy carried to its extreme - as in the United States in 1781 and in France in 1796 does not destroy the monetary system, but only the credit money or fiat money of the State that has overestimated the effectiveness of its own policy. The collapse emancipates commerce from etatism and establishes metallic money again."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Theory of Money and Credit

Ludwig von Mises On Hyperinflation

"The characteristic mark of the phenomenon is that the increase in the quantity of money causes a fall in the demand for money. The tendency toward a fall in purchasing power as generated by the increased supply of money is intensified by the general propensity to restrict cash holdings which it brings about. Eventually a point is reached where the prices at which people would be prepared to part with "real" goods discount to such an extent the expected progress in the fall of purchasing power that nobody has a sufficient amount of cash at hand to pay them. The monetary system breaks down; all transactions in the money concerned cease; a panic makes its purchasing power vanish altogether. People return either to barter or to the use of another kind of money."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises On the Policy of Devaluation

"If the government does not care how far foreign exchange rates may rise, it can for some time continue to cling to credit expansion. But one day the crack-up boom will annihilate its monetary system. On the other hand, if the authority wants to avoid the necessity of devaluing again and again at an accelerated pace, it must arrange its domestic credit policy in such a way as not to outrun in credit expansion the other countries against which it wants to keep its domestic currency at par."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Austrian Economics

"What distinguishes the Austrian School and will lend it everlasting fame is its doctrine of economic action, in contrast to one of economic equilibrium or nonaction."

–Ludwig von Mises, Notes and Recollections

Ludwig von Mises on Austrian Economics

"The main and only concern of the Austrian economists was to contribute to the advancement of economics. They never tried to win the support of anybody by other means than by the convincing power developed in their books and articles."

–Ludwig von Mises, Austrian Economics: An Anthology

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"True, governments can reduce the rate of interest in the short run. They can issue additional paper money. They can open the way to credit expansion by the banks. They can thus create an artificial boom and the appearance of prosperity. But such a boom is bound to collapse soon or late and to bring about a depression."

–Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"The wavelike movement effecting the economic system, the recurrence of periods of boom which are followed by periods of depression is the unavoidable outcome of the attempts, repeated again and again, to lower the gross market rate of interest by means of credit expansion."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"The cyclical fluctuations of business are not an occurrence originating in the sphere of the unhampered market, but a product of government interference with business conditions designed to lower the rate of interest below the height at which the free market would have fixed it."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"The ultimate cause, therefore, of the phenomenon of wave after wave of economic ups and downs is ideological in character. The cycles will not disappear so long as people believe that the rate of interest may be reduced, not through the accumulation of capital, but by banking policy."

–Ludwig von Mises, On the Manipulation of Money and Credit

Ludwig von Mises on Business Cycles

"The boom produces impoverishment. But still more disastrous are its moral ravages. It makes people despondent and dispirited. The more optimistic they were under the illusory prosperity of the boom, the greater is their despair and their feeling of frustration."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Credit Expansion

"Credit expansion can bring about a temporary boom. But such a fictitious prosperity must end in a general depression of trade, a slump."

–Ludwig von Mises, Planned Chaos

Ludwig von Mises on Human Action

"Human action is purposeful behavior."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Human Action

"Action is purposive conduct. It is not simply behavior, but behavior begot by judgments of value, aiming at a definite end and guided by ideas concerning the suitability or unsuitability of definite means. . . . It is conscious behavior. It is choosing. It is volition; it is a display of the will."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Ultimate Foundation of Economic Science

Ludwig von Mises on Human Action

"Action is an attempt to substitute a more satisfactory state of affairs for a less satisfactory one. We call such a willfully induced alteration an exchange."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Human Action

"Mans striving after an improvement of the conditions of his existence impels him to action. Action requires planning and the decision which of various plans is the most advantageous."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Ultimate Foundation of Economic Science

Ludwig von Mises On ”I and We”

"The We cannot act otherwise than each of them acting on his own behalf. They can either all act together in accord; or one of them may act for them all. In the latter case the cooperation of the others consists in their bringing about the situation which makes one man's action effective for them too. Only in this sense does the officer of a social entity act for the whole; the individual members of the collective body either cause or allow a single man's action to concern them too."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises On The Individual and Changing Features of Human Action

"Common man does not speculate about the great problems. With regard to them he relies upon other people's authority, he behaves as "every decent fellow must behave," he is like a sheep in the herd. It is precisely this intellectual inertia that characterizes a man as a common man. Yet the common man does choose. He chooses to adopt traditional patterns or patterns adopted by other people because he is convinced that this procedure is best fitted to achieve his own welfare. And he is ready to change his ideology and consequently his mode of action whenever he becomes convinced that this would better serve his own interests."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Murray N. Rothbard On the Professional Intellectual Classes

"In all societies, public opinion is determined by the intellectual classes, the opinion moulders of society. For most people neither originate nor disseminate ideas and concepts; on the contrary, they tend to adopt those ideas promulgated by the professional intellectual classes, the professional dealers in ideas."

–Murray N. Rothbard, For A New Liberty

Ludwig von Mises on Cause and Effect

"Cognizance of the relation between a cause and its effect is the first step toward mans orientation in the world and is the intellectual condition of any successful activity."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Ultimate Foundation of Economic Science

Ludwig von Mises on Economic Calculation

"Monetary calculation and cost accounting constitute the most important intellectual tool of the capitalist entrepreneur, and it was no one less than Goethe who pronounced the system of double-entry bookkeeping one of the finest inventions of the human mind."

–Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism: The Classical Tradition

Ludwig von Mises on Economics as Abstract Reasoning

“Economics, like logic and mathematics, is a display of abstract reasoning. Economics can never be experimental and empirical. The economist does not need an expensive apparatus for the conduct of his studies. What he needs is the power to think clearly and to discern in the wilderness of events what is essential from what is merely accidental.”

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Individual Rational Action

"All rational action is in the first place individual action. Only the individual thinks. Only the individual reasons. Only the individual acts."

–Ludwig von Mises, Socialism.

Ludwig von Mises on Entrepreneurship

"The consumers suffer when the laws of the country prevent the most efficient entrepreneurs from expanding the sphere of their activities. What made some enterprises develop into big business was precisely their success in filling best the demand of the masses."

–Ludwig von Mises, Planned Chaos

Ludwig von Mises on the Gold Standard

“If our civilization will not in the next years or decades completely collapse, the gold standard will be restored.”

–Ludwig von Mises, (1965)

Murray N. Rothbard On the Gold Standard

“Gold was not selected arbitrarily by governments to be the monetary standard. Gold had developed for many centuries on the free market as the best money; as the commodity providing the most stable and desirable monetary medium.”

–Murray N. Rothbard

Detlev Schlichter on the Gold Standard

"But I don’t believe the best solution would be to go back to a government-run gold standard. We should not trust politicians and bureaucrats with money, certainly never again with entirely unconstrained fiat money, but probably not even with a monetary system that comes with the strait jacket of an official gold standard. I would argue instead for the complete separation of money and state, and for an entirely private monetary system. Let the market decide what should be money and how much there should be of it. I do strongly believe that gold would again play an important role in such a system. After all, gold and silver have been chosen forms of money for thousands of years, in all cultures and societies. That is what the trading public always went for when it was free to choose."

–Detlev Schlichter, The Schlichter Files

Detlev Schlichter on Paper Money

"Wall Street, the media, academia, and, of course the Fed, are strongly on the side of fiat money."

–Detlev Schlichter, The Schlichter Files

Detlev Schlichter on the Media and Academia

"Media and academia are mainly pro-state, pro-politics, anti-gold"

–Detlev Schlichter, The Schlichter Files

Ludwig von Mises on Banking

"There was no reason whatever to abandon the principle of free enterprise in the field of banking."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Banking

"It is extremely difficult for our contemporaries to conceive of the conditions of free banking because they take government interference with banking for granted and as necessary."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Banking

"What is needed to prevent any further credit expansion is to place the banking business under the general rules of commercial and civil laws compelling every individual and firm to fulfill all obligations in full compliance with the terms of the contract."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Corrupt Politicians, Professors and Union Bosses

"Those politicians, professors and union bosses who curse big business are fighting for a lower standard of living."

–Ludwig von Mises, Theory and History

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"Profit-seeking business is compelled to employ the most efficient methods of production. What checks a businessmans endeavors to improve the equipment of his firm is only lack of capital."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"When pushed hard by economists, some welfare propagandists and socialists admit that impairment of the average standard of living can only be avoided by the maintenance of capital already accumulated and that economic improvement depends on accumulation of additional capital."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"History does not provide any example of capital accumulation brought about by a government. As far as governments invested in the construction of roads, railroads, and other useful public works, the capital needed was provided by the savings of individual citizens and borrowed by the government."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"The characteristic mark of economic history under capitalism is unceasing economic progress, a steady increase in the quantity of capital goods available, and a continuous trend toward an improvement in the general standard of living."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Capital

"Capitalism is essentially a system of mass production for the satisfaction of the needs of the masses. It pours a horn of plenty upon the common man. It has raised the average standard of living to a height never dreamed of in earlier ages. It has made accessible to millions of people enjoyments which a few generations ago were only within the reach of a small elite."

–Ludwig von Mises, The Anti-Capitalistic Mentality

Ludwig von Mises on Laissez Faire

"If one rejects laissez faire on account of mans fallibility and moral weakness, one must for the same reason also reject every kind of government action."

–Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"The ultimate basis of an all around bureaucratic system is violence."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"Bureaucratic management is management of affairs which cannot be checked by economic calculation."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy and Economic Calculation

"A bureaucrat differs from a nonbureaucrat precisely because he is working in a field in which it is impossible to appraise the result of a mans effort in terms of money."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"Nobody can be at the same time a correct bureaucrat and an innovator."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"Seen from the point of view of the particular group interests of the bureaucrats, every measure that makes the governments payroll swell is progress."

–Ludwig von Mises, Planning for Freedom

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"The bureaucrat is not free to aim at improvement. He is bound to obey rules and regulations established by a superior body. He has no right to embark upon innovations if his superiors do not approve of them. His duty and his virtue is to be obedient."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy

"Only to bureaucrats can the idea occur that establishing new offices, promulgating new decrees, and increasing the number of government employees alone can be described as positive and beneficial measures."

–Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government

Ludwig von Mises on Bureaucracy and Government Interventions

"The trend toward bureaucratic rigidity is not inherent in the evolution of business. It is an outcome of government meddling with business."

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Government’s War on the Creative Genius

“A genius is precisely a man who defies all schools and rules, who deviates from the traditional roads of routine and opens up new paths through land inaccessible before….But, on the other hand, the government can bring about conditions which paralyze the efforts of a creative spirit and prevent him from rendering useful services to the community.”

–Ludwig von Mises, Bureaucracy

Ludwig von Mises on Why Classical Liberalism Rejects War

“The liberal critique of the argument in favor of war is fundamentally different from that of the humanitarians. It starts from the premise that not war, but peace, is the father of all things. What alone enables mankind to advance and distinguishes man from the animals is social cooperation. It is labor alone that is productive: it creates wealth and therewith lays the outward foundations for the inward flowering of man. War only destroys; it cannot create. War, carnage, destruction, and devastation we have in common with the predatory beasts of the jungle; constructive labor is our distinctively human characteristic.”

–Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism: The Classical Tradition

Ludwig von Mises on Sound Money

“It is impossible to grasp the meaning of the idea of sound money if one does not realize that it was devised as an instrument for the protection of civil liberties against despotic inroads on the part of governments. Ideologically it belongs in the same class with political constitutions and bills of rights. The demand for constitutional guarantees and for bills of rights was a reaction against arbitrary rule and the nonobservance of old customs by kings. The postulate of sound money was first brought up as a response to the princely practice of debasing the coinage.”

–Ludwig von Mises. The Theory of Money and Credit

Murray N. Rothbard on Recovering from Economic Depressions

“It should be clear that any governmental interference with the depression process can only prolong it, thus making things worse from almost everyone’s point of view. Since the depression process is the recovery process, any halting or slowing down of the process impedes the advent of recovery. The depression readjustments must work themselves out before recovery can be complete. The more these readjustments are delayed, the longer the depression will have to last, and the longer complete recovery is postponed.”

–Murray N. Rothbard, Man, Economy, and State with Power and Market

Hans-Hermann Hoppe on Socialized Health Care

“With the socialization of the health care system through institutions such as Medicaid and Medicare and the regulation of the insurance industry (by restricting an insurer’s right of refusal: to exclude any individual risk as uninsurable, and discriminate freely, according to actuarial methods, between different group risks) a monstrous machinery of wealth and income redistribution at the expense of responsible individuals and low-risk groups in favor of irresponsible actors and high-risk groups has been put in motion.”

–Hans-Hermann Hoppe, Democracy: The God That Failed

Ludwig von Mises on Civilization

"What distinguishes man from animals is the insight into the advantages that can be derived from cooperation under the division of labor."

–Ludwig von Mises, Human Action: A Treatise on Economics

Ludwig von Mises on Civilization

"Civilization is a work of peaceful co-operation."

–Ludwig von Mises, Socialism

Ludwig von Mises on Civilization

"The foundation of any and every civilization, including our own, is private ownership of the means of production. Whoever wishes to criticize modern civilization, therefore, begins with private property."

–Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism

Ludwig von Mises on the Market Economy

"In the unhampered market economy there are no privileges, no protection of vested interests, no barriers preventing anybody from striving after any prize."

–Ludwig von Mises, Theory and History

Ludwig von Mises on Liberalism

"Liberalism champions private property in the means of production because it expects a higher standard of living from such an economic organization, not because it wishes to help the owners."

–Ludwig von Mises, Socialism

Ludwig von Mises on Liberalism

"That Liberalism aims at the protection of property and that it rejects war are two expressions of one and the same principle."

–Ludwig von Mises, Socialism


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